6 Feb 2013

Aadhaar : A Dream Project of the Government of India (GOI) !

What is Aadhaar? 
Aadhaar is a twelve digit individual identification number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India on behalf of the Government of India. This number would serve as a proof of identity and address, anywhere in India. Any individual, irrespective of age and gender, who is a resident in India and satisfies the verification process laid down by the UIDAI can enroll for Aadhaar.Each individual needs to enroll once which is free of cost. Each Aadhaar number will be unique for an individual and will remain valid for life. Aadhaar number will help you provide access to services like banking, mobile phone connections and other Govt and Non-Govt services in due course of time.In India,gas connections etc are getting linked up with the Aadhaar number for getting government subsidy.

Quick points about Aadhaar:   
  •    It is very easily verifiable in an online cost-effective way  , Unique and robust enough to eliminate the large number of duplicate and fake identities in government and private databases
  •   A random number generated, which is free from any classification based on caste, creed, religion and geography.   
  •     Universality, which would be ensured because Aadhaar will over time be recognized and accepted across the country and across all service providers whether its private or government.
  •      Every resident's entitlement to this unique number.
  •    The number will consequently form the universal and basic identity infrastructure over which Registrars and Agencies across the country can build and enhance their identity-based applications.
  •      Unique Identification of India (UIDAI) will build partnerships with various Registrars across the country to enroll residents for the number. Such Registrars may include state governments, state Public Sector Units (PSUs), telecom companies,banks etc. These Registrars may in turn partner with enrolling agencies to enroll residents into Aadhaar.
  •      Aadhaar will eventually ensure increased trust between public and private agencies and citizens. Once residents enroll for Aadhaar, service providers will no longer face any sort of problem of performing repeated Know Your Customer (KYC) checks before providing services like checks etc which occurs in buying new mobile sim cards or opening new bank accounts etc. They would no longer have to deny services to residents without identification documents. Residents would also be getting a huge relief from the trouble of repeatedly proving identity through documents each time they wish to access services such as obtaining a bank account, passport, or driving license etc.
  •      By Aadhaar which would be a clear proof of identity, Aadhaar will empower poor,downtrodden and underprivileged residents in accessing services such as the formal banking system and enable them the opportunity to easily avail various other services provided by the Government and the private sector. The centralized technology infrastructure of the UIDAI will  be enabling 'anytime, anywhere, anyhow' authentication. Aadhaar would be giving migrants mobility of identity. 
  •    Aadhaar authentication is going to be very easy which can be done both offline and online, online authentication through a cell phone or land line connection will allow residents to verify their identity remotely. Online Aadhaar-linked identity verification will give poor,underprivileged, and rural residents the same flexibility that urban non-poor residents presently have in verifying their identity and accessing services such as banking and retail sectors. 
  •    Aadhaar will be having a proper verification prior to enrollment, while ensuring inclusion. Existing identity databases in India are facing the problems of fraud and duplicate or ghost beneficiaries. To prevent these problems, the UIDAI plans to enroll residents into its database with proper verification of their demographic and bio-metric information. This will ensure that the data collected is fully clean  and realistic from the beginning of the program. However, as we know much of the poor and under-privileged population lack identity documents and Aadhaar is going to be the first form of identification they will have access to. For overcoming such issues,the UIDAI will ensure that its Know Your Resident (KYR) standards do not become a barrier for enrolling the poor and has accordingly developed an Introducer system for residents who lack documentation. Through this system, authorized individuals ('Introducers') who already have an Aadhaar, can introduce residents who don't have any identification documents prior, enabling them to receive their Aadhaar easily.Its going to be a good step to enable everyone .

Aadhaar: The UID brand name

The brand name of the Unique Identification number (UID) will be Aadhaar which has become quite famous in whole India as of now. The name and logo for the unique numbers which are going to be issued by the UIDAI have been developed keeping in mind the unique dynamic potential of the program.

The number (referred to until now as the 'UID') has been named Aadhaar, which translates into 'foundation', or 'support' from Hindi. This word is present across most Indian languages and can therefore be used in branding and communication of the UIDAI program across the country as a base.

As Mr. Nandan Nilekani, Chairman of the UIDAI notes, "The name Aadhaar communicates the fundamental role of the number issued by the UIDAI the number as a universal identity infrastructure, a foundation over which public and private agencies can build services and applications that benefit residents across India."
     Aadhaar is going to give the guarantee of uniqueness and centralized, online identity verification would be the basis for building these multiple services and applications, and facilitating greater connectivity to markets.
    Aadhaar would also give any resident the ability to access these services and resources very easily, anytime, anywhere in the country.
    Aadhaar can provide the identity infrastructure for ensuring financial inclusion across the country – banks can link the unique number to a bank account for every resident, and use the online identity authentication to allow residents to access the account from anywhere in the country.This we can see in the gas connection subsidy plan which is ongoing throughout the India.
    Aadhaar would also be a building block for the effective enforcement of citizens individual rights. A clear registration and recognition of the individual's identity with the state is very much necessary to implement their basic rights –to employment, education, food, etc. The number, by ensuring such registration and recognition of individuals, would surely help the state deliver these rights.

Aadhaar card, bank account mandatory for direct cash transfer :

For the direct cash transfer program ,the Central government has made it very clear that subsidy money will be transferred to beneficiaries only when they provide an Aadhaar card and a working bank account number by the cut-off date in the respective districts. There should be no phase wise roll-out within any particular district rather the entire district should switch to direct cash transfer at one-go on a particular given date. Working on the roll-out for entire country on a war footing, the government is giving priority to digitization of beneficiary databases with names, addresses and Aadhaar numbers. All ministries of the GOI are to ensure this immediately, the sources said. There must be a 95 per cent Aadhaar penetration level for all beneficiaries and over 95 per cent of the beneficiaries should have bank accounts, with all banks being Aadhaar-compliant as soon as possible.

What are your views for Aadhaar card?How much it is effective?

How much it can be beneficial for the development of country and its citizens?



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